Turning an extremely remote Scottish Highland ex-school building into a 1 bedroom property.

Approx 80m² (861ft²)

NOTE: Click/tap on images with a BLUE border to expand them into a lightbox; then click/tap anywhere again to close.

The Old School, Altnaharra.
Why convert a Scottish school?

Finding inspiration for these designs can be difficult, but the process is always enjoyable. This particular idea spurred from watching an episode of "Restoration Home"; where Caroline Quentin followed two ladies as they converted an old Scottish primary school (Pitkennedy School) into an unusual home. Whilst the end result was not entirely the direction I would've taken, it sowed a seed in my head.

Having watched more episodes, and in particular another series (this time "Restoration Man", with George Clarke), I was determined to find something suitable in Scotland that I could virtually convert. First, I searched for relevant keywords. Happily, I eventually found this old school in Altnaharra; where I could then use Streetview to look at the building from multiple angles, and work out rough dimensions. I don't always find inspiration on Geograph, but either way I'll happily spend many hours browsing Streetview; looking for suitable buildings manually across a wide area! And yes, I really do enjoy it; and in this case with the Scottish Highlands, you know you'll have amazing scenery for the journey...


The building is located in Altnaharra, a hamlet in Sutherland, in the Highlands of Scotland. The name is derived from the stream that runs through the settlement ("Stream at the boundary wall"), and the weather here, being so far north, is often at the extreme end in temperature. Indeed, it holds the record for the UK's lowest ever recorded temperature (-27.2 degrees C). Brrr! Chilliness aside, it's also incredibly remote and features some breathtaking scenery. Despite its tiny size, the hamlet features the well known, and rather large Altnaharra Hotel; popular with fishermen and hikers alike.

Information about the building itself proved very hard to find, especially relying solely on records available online. The only page that gives any information, albeit vaguely, is the Highland Historic Environment Record. This tells us it was built between 1878 to 1906; a remarkable survivor. The building was the original school, as well as the post office; although it now lies unoccupied. Being a tiny hamlet, even the modern replacement school two doors down sees only a handful of kids. In fact, it regularly features less than 6 kids between the two parts of the school; half nursery, half primary school!

Enjoy a roadside tour!

The Old School & Post Office, Altnaharra

Key Design Points:

  • ✔ As always; plenty of natural light!
  • ✔ Have an open plan layout, but with obvious demarcations
  • ✔ Utilising the full height of the building
  • ✔ Keeping original features where possible

  • ✘ Avoid splitting windows in half when inserting a new first floor
  • ✘ Avoid any changes to the exterior windows (shape, size, and location)
  • ✘ Only new apertures allowed are Velux windows, and a rear door
  • ✘ No new extensions or alterations to the size or shape of the building, including roof pitch
  • ✘ No change in cladding materials

I have no idea what the rear of the building looks like, but either way I've made sure to include a back door for fire safety reasons, as well as a small window for the sink in the utility room.
Architectural Notes:

Interestingly, whilst the walls are corrugated iron, the roof is tiled; and it also features a fairly substantial stone chimney. Whilst I could roughly measure the buildings footprint via satellite maps, it took a lot of trial and error to work out the rough height of the walls. My original design looked far too squat, and as the aforementioned records mentioned, whilst it is single storey, it is above average height. All in all, the front door seems to be a whopping 2.4m high; no wonder I was initially confused! The height of the walls and windows really is odd, but I do know that a lot of these early schools were designed to have windows lifted high off the ground to stop children inside getting distracted by what was going on outside. Assumedly, in order to make the whole structure look more balanced, the windows were also enlarged considerably; so we end up with 3m high walls. What looks like a small cottage on the outside actually couldn't be further from the truth! Explore it on Google Streetview, and you'll see the cottage to the south (left side) is much smaller...

The floorplan stays as open plan as possible, but each room is still clearly separated.

My main aim with this building was to keep it as open-planned as possible. Whilst it's not as small as I originally thought from the outside, I still wanted to make the most of the space. Despite the single storey building being so tall, I wanted to open it up to the rafters to give an even greater sense of space to mimic the remoteness of Altnaharra. The building is formed from two perpendicular sections, which although I've left them separate to some degree, I have added wide openings between the two. I have no photos of the original interior at all, but I would imagine one half of the building was the school, and the other half was the separate post office. I would also presume that the chimney splits the front half into two rooms; although I'm not sure whether both had access to a fireplace. Either way, the end result with my design is a relatively open-plan kitchen, lounge, and dining room downstairs; with two small rooms for the utility and bathroom.

The entire upstairs sits on a new oak frame, and features a bedroom, walk-in wardrobe, and a small mezzanine chillout area that looks out over the open-plan kitchen and lounge. I've also added a considerable number of Velux rooflights to let more natural light in.

Respecting History

In my design brief, I said that I did not wish to modify the exterior of the building other than by adding rooflights. Usually this would be because the building is either listed, or is of historical importance. Despite the age and original purposes of it, surprisingly it is neither listed, nor historic; so is not subject to many planning constraints. Despite that, I wanted to approach it as if it was. Whenever I convert a building, I like to leave as much of the history of that building intact. To me, it seems absolutely wrong to produce an unsympathetic design that does away with distinct features and architectural styles in favour of a more practical and/or comfortable house. Personally, I feel we owe it to these old buildings to be respectful to their original architects.

A 3/4 front view of the old school shows the minimal impact the two small skylights have. Usually you'd aim to avoid placing any new windows on the front elevation, however, almost all surrounding buildings have them.
Looking the other direction, we can see two more skylights; these feed natural light into the bedroom.
The existing four pane window gives a traditional look to the northern gable end. Note yet more skylights; the top giving light to the back door void.

Looking towards the very tall front door, we also get a sense of just how high up the windows are!

The front half of the building is dedicated to the two main living spaces; the kitchen and the lounge. Whilst open plan, there is still a partial wall and a chimney separating the two spaces. My favourite design feature can be found here; the slot. This is mostly just an architectural feature, but it is nice to have a sightline to the front door from the lounge.

The kitchen is a pretty standard design, although I admit I totally forgot to add a fridge! A bit of shuffling around may be needed to fit in a full height fridge, but it is best placed at one end of the room. In any case, as you can see I've gone for a traditional country kitchen style; complete with an Aga cooker. The green of the bargeboards and window surrounds has been carried through to a lot of the furniture inside the house itself. To compliment the green, I've added mid-tone wooden worktops, trims, and door knobs to all the units.

Both the kitchen and the lounge feature the same natural wooden flooring. The wood gives a warmth and more cosy atmosphere to the rooms despite the lofty ceilings. I decided to decorate the lounge quite sparingly in order to be a sort of blank canvas; so the only furniture is a white sofa and armchair, and a corner TV bench. There is plenty of room for a sideboard or similar, and you might even be able to squeeze in a coffee table and bookcase if need be. The log burner brings much needed warmth not just to this room, but also to the rest of the house. Alternatively, you could go for a more traditional open fireplace.

A montage showing the ladder to the mezzanine in place (left) and stowed against the chimney (right). In both cases, the ladder sits into an anchored metal U channel.
A general view of the lounge shows just how high the roof is! I've kept the fireplace open only to this side due to the ladder on the kitchen side. Note the mezzanine.


The dining room takes up a large amount of the rear half of the building. Surrounded by a new oak frame, it's in a really traditional farmhouse style; with a large table with 6 chairs around it, and a dresser at the bottom of the stairs. There's room under the stairs for more storage if need be. On the other side to the stairs, there's a small nook which I've added a platform to with two steps. I've shown this used as a home office; pretty mandatory in these Covid times! Anyway, the platform not only separates the space visually, but also allows a much better view out of the window. Don't forget, the windows in this building are placed considerably far up the walls!

A view from the lounge show the relatively spacious dining room. There's just enough room for a decent size table; enough for 6 chairs.
The office nook sits to the north side, against the bathroom wall. It's not a huge space, but there's enough room for a desk and bookcase. Oh, and what a nice view!
This angle helps show the placement of the office nook compared to the dining room. It's not a huge room, but it's plenty big enough for a family get-together.

Thanks to the fact that this building is much larger than my usual conversions, we have room for a decent sized utility room.

It's not often I have space for a dedicated utility room in my designs, but here we have one with enough room not only for a row of cabinetry, but also a cupboard under the stairs for a vacuum cleaner and other bulky items. The new window added to the rear wall of the building adds much needed light into this dark corner. This is the only room in the building that features a traditional ceiling height!

The wetroom isn't big, but does feature a generously sized shower. The whole room fits into part of the north lean-to. Once again, in order to add in more natural light, there's a small Velux rooflight. To contrast with the rest of the interior, I've actually gone for modern style bathroom fixtures. The wall of the shower is tiled with near-black rectangular tiles, with the floor matching the back entrance hallway and utility room. The only real hints of farmhouse style are the exposed oak beams and shelving underneath the sink.

The wetroom may be in a modern style, but the exposed beams and rafters still add a much needed traditional aesthetic. Note the small skylight.
There may be no bath, but there is a large shower! The contrasting dark grey tiles on the shower walls and the wall hung toilet definitely scream 'modern'!


Featuring a king size bed, the bedroom is a pretty decent size. There's enough room for two bedside cabinets, plus potentially shelving either side if more storage space is needed. That said, don't forget that there is an entire walk-in wardrobe that sits above the utility room. And if that still isn't enough room, you could always remove the void above the back door and extend the bedroom over it!

The two Velux rooflights let in plenty of light, and also allow for a really nice view out to the mountains and nearby loch. Unlike most of my usual designs, there's just enough headroom for a proper staircase; making it a very practical room. The double doors lead out to the small mezzanine; which features a beanbag for the ultimate chillout spot. Once again, not only are their skylights here, but the space opens out to both the kitchen and lounge; with great views out many of the windows.

The bedroom is generously sized, but could be enlarged if the room was extended over the void above the back entrance.
There are fantastic views out of the windows, and quite frankly I think I'd find it extra hard getting out of bed with a view like that!
The walk-in wardrobe is not huge, but should be big enough so long as you are not a hoarder of clothes!
Small but perfectly formed; the mezzanine is a great place to chill on a beanbag and look over your kingdom!

The mezannine is pretty small, and whilst I would've loved to extend it, the kitchen window and the valley of the roof prevented any meaningful extension. That said, it's still a really fun little area, and can be shut off from the bedroom and accessed via the kitchen instead if need be. If nothing else, it would be a nice place to chill with a book and a glass of wine!

The wetroom is fully kitted out with a large shower head, although I hope you're not too tall as the ceiling is barely over 2m.
The wetroom is fully kitted out with a large shower head, although I hope you're not too tall as the ceiling is barely over 2m.
The wetroom is fully kitted out with a large shower head, although I hope you're not too tall as the ceiling is barely over 2m.
The wetroom is fully kitted out with a large shower head, although I hope you're not too tall as the ceiling is barely over 2m.
The wetroom is fully kitted out with a large shower head, although I hope you're not too tall as the ceiling is barely over 2m.
An alternate view of the bedroom shows the effectiveness of keeping it open to the staircase, and thus the large window on the ground floor.
The mezannine is essentially an indoor balcony, and provides great views out many of the ground floor windows.
And here's the proof of the good views to be found here. Unfortunately, the render didn't quite show the backdrop bright enough, but it certainly looks dramatic!
A close up of the floor and toilet in the wetroom. Very sleek!
An alternate view of the utility room shows the cleaning cupboard under the stairs. The room is even big enough to set up an ironing board.
The door to the utility room is located in front of the back door. Looking into the utility room we can see the low height of the ceiling.
Looking from the back corridor to the dining room, we can see just how open plan the rest of the space is. The new oak frame is a stunning feature of this area.
Whilst not visible sat down, the views out of the lounge windows are exceptional. If it wasn't for the fireplace, I would've raised the floor here to take full advantage of the view.
The hole through the dividing wall can just be seen above the TV. I suppose you could even use it as a bit of shelving for some unique ornaments.
The headroom under the mezannine may look low, but it's not! There's one thing for sure with this conversion; there will be plenty of natural light...

Despite the height of the windows and placement of the chimney giving me some real design headaches, I think the end result is actually one of my best designs yet; for a start, the rooms feel big, bright, and airy. Equally, I don't think I've ever had room for a dedicated utility room before! The wetroom may be a bit small for some, but out of all the rooms I don't see a big bathroom as being worth the extra space. I'd much rather give the space over for rooms you'll be spending a lot of practical time in.

The bedroom and connected mezzanine make the most of the unusual height of the single storey building. Whilst the roof shape meant I couldn't extend the mezzanine over the lounge, I did consider doing so over the kitchen. That would allow for a much larger space, although care would need to be taken not to cover the tall windows; and therefore "step" the mezzanine away from them.

In any case, I hope you enjoyed this blogpost as much as I did making it; even if it is double the size of my normal designs! I always welcome comments and suggestions; so do email me or contact me through the social media buttons at the bottom of any page.

'Till next time,


A final view of the old school. The main road through Altnaharra runs in the foreground, and whilst the backdrop isn't of the area, it's a pretty typical lochside view. The mountains around Altnaharra are particularly special though!